Technology Innovation Science Match: Insight into the digital future
12.03.2018 | Artificial intelligence, deep learning, and 5G: The Technology Innovation Science Match on February 22, 2018 was all about digitization and the 90th anniversary of the Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications (HHI).
In addition to experts from Berlin’s universities and research institutions, international luminaries were also speakers at KOSMOS Berlin – and last but not least, Brain City Berlin Ambassador Prof. Giuseppe Caire. The scientists’ special areas of focus included, among others, mathematics, technology, machine-learning, media, neuroscience, and photonics.
Scientific experts celebrate the Fraunhofer HHI and Berlin’s excellence as a research location
Admission to KOSMOS Berlin began at 8:30 a.m. There was great interest in the event, the foyer was filled quickly, and the catering team had their hands full. After the initial meet and greet, everyone went into the main hall.
The KOSMOS Berlin (the largest movie theater in the GDR until 1989) can accommodate approximately 700 guests in its main hall. At 9:30 a.m. sharp the Science Match 2018 was opened with a greeting from the organizer Sebastian Turner (editor of the Tagesspiegel), Martin Schell, and Thomas Wiegand (the head of the Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute).
Internationally renowned scientists give insight into their fields of research
In honor of the 90th anniversary of Fraunhofer HHI and in memory of its namesake Heinrich Rudolf Hertz – whose likeness graced the banner of the event – 24 national and international experts were invited as speakers.
The Science Event in Berlin had four thematically coherent blocks. Compact: The experts had only ten minutes to present their research focus.
The following topics were discussed:
- Information, Video, Wireless, Optical Communications
- Security, Quantum Information, Haptics, Mathematics
- Machine Learning, Computer Vision, Neuroscience
- Photonic Systems, and Devices
From Massive MIMO, Human-Machine-Interaction, and Reinforcement Learning: A look at the technologies of tomorrow
Bundling, joining, merging: the guiding theme of the Technology Innovation Science Match 2018. Brain City Berlin Ambassador Prof. Giuseppe Caire wasn’t wrong to end his talk on the development of wireless data transfer with the words: “The age of a single system that works for everything is over.”
MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) as a transmission system is already used for WiFi – several antennas connect transmitters and receivers. But what if the amounts of data get bigger and bigger and the recipients more and more mobile? Massive MIMO links hundreds of antennas together. The effects: Capacities will be increased many times over (possibly by a thousandfold), energy consumption will be reduced by about 90%, and global accessibility will no longer be a hurdle – 5G is only a matter of time. The first field trials are already under way and the Fraunhofer HHI in Berlin is pioneering with a 5G testbed.
Facebook and Google lead the way - machines that improve themselves
Mankind and machines are becoming more and more merged: Artificial Intelligence will come, according to Prof. Sepp Hochreiter from Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, and no one can escape it. Big data and deep learning are now commonplace terms, and machine learning has recently become popular with Google's AlphaGo (the program that beat Ke Jie in 2016, the World Ranking First Go player). But what does this development mean?
Facebook DeepText, for example, is evaluating thousands of words per second in more than 20 languages – the knowledge of mankind, collected in books and documents, is open to the machines. In conjunction with Reinforcement Learning, more and more precise algorithms become possible and it becomes easier and easier to predict behavior. The effects can already be seen in autonomous vehicles.
Biotechnology and medical technology benefit significantly from the innovations of the Berlin research centers
Long-Term Autonomy, Self-Navigation, and Moving Car Segmentation: In the future, our cars will sense the traffic via sensors, probe other vehicles, and navigate to our destination completely autonomously. AI systems will move into our offices, hospitals, and living rooms. Human error is minimized, systems synchronized, and data accumulated – according to the researchers’ vision. Scientists are now researching ways to consolidate people's trust in machines. Autonomous vehicles, for example, will not simply accelerate or change lanes without comment. Passing is acoustically announced and justified – so that passengers are always aware that they are in good, albeit non-human hands.
Wireless ultrasound probes that transmit images live to your doctor's tablet – regardless of location: this technology is already in use. Prof. Christof Schütte, President of the Zuse-Instituts Berlin (ZIB) also reported on analgesic drugs that thanks to innovative computer simulations can be used to avoid harmful side effects – such as the addictive potential of pain relief substances. Biotechnology and medical technology in Berlin benefit equally from technological innovations. Similarly, the development of quantum computers for collecting huge amounts of data opens up unimagined possibilities.
World-class research with development potential – outlook on technological development in Berlin
The Technology Innovation Science Match was both praise and a warning. The science location Germany and the Berlin scientific landscape are world-class and the Fraunhofer HHI is a leader in the research of optical communication systems – but when it comes to providing internet access and the average connection speed, Germany is internationally far behind.
The importance of Berlin as a research location became clear in the lectures. The renowned scientists provided an insight into the latest technologies of the digital future and the Fraunhofer HHI was recognized as one of the flagships of the Brain City Berlin.
The scientific event in Berlin aroused curiosity among the visitors: about the development of the scientific metropolis Berlin, about the future of technology, and about the changes that scientific progress will bring – topics that make the Science Match 2019 eagerly awaited.